Region passport
Map of East Kazakhstan region
Motor roads’ map of republic importance
Social and economic development of East-Kazakhstan region
 

 

 

 

 

GENERAL INFORMATION

1.1. History of region. The East Kazakhstan region was founded in 1932, in 1997 Semipalatinsk region was attached to the territory of the region. Administrative centre is Ust-Kamenogorsk city that was founded in 1720, it is located on a place where the rivers Irtysh and Ulba meet.     
In the region there are 15 districts, 10 cities and towns, 754 settlements and villages, 254 rural and aul areas. The population of the region as of January 1, 2018 accounted for 1,383,600 people. The population density on average on the region made up 4,9 residents per 1 sq.km. The ethnic composition of the population of region as of January 1, 2017 is the following: Kazakhs - 59,7 %, Russians - 36,8 %, other nationalities - 3,5 %. 

1.2. Geographical position. For today the territory of the region makes up 283,22 sq.km. (10,2 % of the territory of Kazakhstan). Ust-Kamenogorsk city is 1038 km distant from Astana city and 1068 km from Almaty city. The East Kazakhstan region is situated in the north-eastern part of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The region borders the Pavlodar, Karaganda and Almaty regions, Altai Territory and Altai Republic of the Russian Federation, People's Republic of China.  
1.3. Environmental and climatic conditions. East Kazakhstan region is a unique region in regard to the environmental and climatic conditions, having steppe, deserted as well as mountain and taiga landscapes. The north and east parts of the territory of the region are situated in the foothills and mountain ranges of the Western, Central and Southern Altai which contain in their interior the richest stocks of nonferrous, precious and rare earth metals. To the south of the Altay Mountains there is Arid Zaisan hollow, bordered on Saur-Tarbagatai ridge in the south. The southwest and western sides of the region are presented by Kazakh small hills. Hilly plains of the Kalbin Mountains prevail in the central part. The forestry occupies 11,9 % of the territory of the region. Basically forest areas are located on spurs of ranges of the Altay Mountains. The dark coniferous forest spreads here. Deciduous and mixed forests occur in the bottom belt of the forest area. Belt pine forests in the northwest of the region are of special sight. In all, flora of Rudny Altay numbers more than 1000 species, and that of fauna – 300 species of different kinds of birds, about 100 species of mammals. In the forestry and steppes there are an elk, a mountain goat, an argali, a kabarga, a roe, a wolf, a bear, a lynx, an ermine, a weasel, a sable, a polecat, a kolinsky, a fox, a hare. A maral (a red deer) is in the upriver of Bukhtarma. There is a wild boar in the foothills, on the banks of the rivers and lakes.    
1.4. Minerals. In the territory of East Kazakhstan region there is a plenty of the explored deposits such as minerals with the stocks providing needs of the region in the mineral resources: nonferrous metals (Ridder-Sokolny, Tishinsky, Maleyevsky, Nikolayevsky, Artemyevsky, Orlovsky, etc.), gold (Bakyrchiksky, Suzdalsky, Mizek, deposits of the Kurchum river, etc.), rare metals (Bakenny, Belaya Gora (White Mountain), Yubileiny (Anniversary), Akhmetkino), coal and coal slates (Karazhira, Kendyrlyksky, Bobrovsko-Belokamensky), nonmetallic feed (refractory raw material, expanded clay and aqua-gel, limestones, brick and cement loams, glass raw material and building materials); as well as underground mineral and potable water (Ust-Kamenogorsk, Leninogorsk, Bogatyrevsky, Kulujunsky).

23,4% of balanced lead reserves, 44,4 % of zinc reserves, 44,5 % of copper reserves from the average republican stocks are concentrated in the territory of the region.

In the territory of the region there are 256 objects of exploitation of Subsoil Resources, including: gold – 38, nonferrous metals – 29, ferrous metals – 1, minerals – 2, widespread mineral resources – 151, coal – 3, hydrocarbon material (oil) – 1, subsurface water – 22 and not dealing with exploring and mining (tailing pits, ash-disposal areas) – 9.

Now licenses are issued to domestic and foreign investors and contracts are concluded on carrying out of geological exploration and exploitation on the most part of deposits of minerals. Deposits: Ridder-Sokolnoe, Tishinskoe, Maleyevskoe and Grekhovskoe are worked by the mining enterprises of “Kazzinc” Ltd. Deposits: Orlovsky, Nikolayev, Shemonaikhinskoe, Artemyevsky, Yubileino –Snegirikhinsky, Aktogay – by the enterprises of “Kazakhmys” Corporation.     
Within the framework of the Program of Mineral Resource Complex Development of RK for 2010-2014 the republican budget allocated for geological survey:

2010 – KZT541 million; 2011 – KZT436 million; 2012 – KZT990,945 million; 2013 – KZT586,583 million, 2014 – KZT2254,218 million. Implementation of this very program is completed.

The prospect evaluation survey that was executed during this period, allowed to achieve growth  of reserves of  gold (Maralihinsky site, it’s approved 240,000 tons of ores and 873,9 kg of gold of C2 category), polymetals (Selection site) and of copper (Bala-Urpek, Kanshoky). Reports are under completion at the following sites: Selection, Bala-Urpek, Kanshoky.


1.5. Water resources. The territory of the region is rich in water source, with more than 800 rivers over 10 thousand km. length. The main water-way is the Irtysh river with a great amount of inflows (4248 km in length, 1311 km. within the region) - mountain rivers such as the Ulba, Uba, Karakaba, Kaldzyr, Kurchum, Narym, Bukhtarma and other ones. In the region there are such big lakes as, Zaisan, Markakol, Alakol, Sasykkol. Besides, there are a lot of small lakes, reservoirs and the Bukhtarma is the largest one. In the rivers there are a pike, an orfe, and a sazan, in mountain lakes and rivers – a taimen, a grayling, a trout, a peled, in the Markakol Lake – an uskuch, a bream.
East Kazakhstan region is famous for large stocks of underground waters. The total amount of natural resources of underground waters in mountains makes up 10 bln cubic meters.

Climate of the region is sharply continental, with the high amplitude of daily, seasonal and mid-annual variation of air temperature. The coldest months - January and February with monthly mean temperature from - 17 °С up to - 23,8 °С below zero in the north in the Ore Altai mountains both in high-mountainous hollows and from -14,1°С up to - 16,6°С below zero in mountains of the south side. The warmest month - July, its monthly mean temperature is from +14°С up to +16,6°С above zero, at heights of 1000-1500 m. above the sea level - 0°С, just above temperature is in the foothills and in the plain part. A unique and various natural environment of the region can promote active development of tourism at corresponding investments. 

1.6. Infrastructure.  East Kazakhstan region has the developed industrial infrastructure which is presented by all basic types of transport: railway, aviation, water and automobile. Railway transport connects the regional center with such cities and towns as: Semey, Altai, Ridder, Ayagoz, Shemonaikha. The main railway branches leading beyond the region are – “Zashita-Lokot” (Russia), “Semey- Lokot'”, “Semey-Almaty”, “Aktogai-road Druzhba (Frendship) (China).
Two airports function in the region, located in Ust-Kamenogorsk and Semey cities. Private enterprises are carried out the passenger and cargo transportation on navigational routes (“VIRP” Ltd, “Irtyshtranc” Ltd) and Ust-Kamenogorsk cargo port of low power.   There are two lines of ferry transportations of passengers in the area of Kaznakovka settlement and Ulken Naryn settlement.
Automobile and railway transportations account for the greatest volume of transportations of cargoes and passengers. Highway transportation transports 89,9 % of cargoes, railway - 10 %. The volume of passenger transportations by motor transport makes up 96,2%, railway - 2,5 %, aviation – 1,3%.

Highways of the general usage are of great importance in realization of domestic transportations, their condition and level of development influence on economic indicators of the region. The length  of highways of the general usage makes up 11835,8 km, including roads of the republican value - 3414 km, local - 8421,8 km. The hard-surface roads make up 3052,6 km, gravel - 354,4 km,  unpaved  roads – 7 km of the total length of the republican roads. The length of the hard-surface local roads makes up 4038,12 km, gravel - 3620,13 km, unpaved  roads - 763,5  km. 

1.7. Specialization of economy of the region. The region is the developed industrial and agricultural region of the country.

The industry of the region, except for its predominant branch - nonferrous metallurgy, is also presented by enterprises of mechanical engineering, electric power industry, chemical and woodworking industry, light and food industry, and production of building materials.

Alongside with development of the industry, the environment and climatic potential of the region allows to develop the agriculture. Districts of the region specialize in livestock and plant-growing production.

Along with the developed key specialization, the region has a unique tourist potential. The basic priority zones of tourism development are identified,  according to which districts of the region will be specialize in:

1) health-related tourism – Katon-Karagay, Urjar districts

2) Alpine, sports and hiking tourism – Ridder town;

4) hunting tourism – Kurchum district;

5) rural tourism – Ridder town, Kurchum, Katon-Karagay districts.

Besides, one of competitive specializations of the region is production of fuel for nuclear energy and nuclear researches.

2. Results of social and economic development of East Kazakhstan region for January-November, 2018

Industrial output in January-November, 2018 made up KZT1692,6 billion. The index of actual volume is 108,7% compared to the corresponding period of 2017.

Volume of gross output of the agriculture totaled KZT466,0 billion. The index of actual volume is 103,7% compared to the corresponding period of 2017.

The volume of construction work made up KZT188,0 billion. The index of actual volume is 110,4% compared to the corresponding period of 2017.

Investments into the fixed capital accounted for KZT410,5 billion. The index of actual volume is 124,6% compared to the corresponding period of 2017.

The number of existing small and medium businesses made up 88,300 or 108,5% compared to the corresponding period of 2017.

The foreign trade turnover in January-September, 2018 accounted for USD 1,926,5 million or 80,0% to the level of 2017, including export of goods - USD1,162,7 million (67,2%), import – USD 763,8 million (112,7%). The balance of the foreign trade turnover developed positive and made up USD 398,9 million.

The consumer price index in November, 2018 in relation to December, 2017 made up 104,5%, including prices for food products - 103,3%, nonfoods - 105,6%, paid services - 104,9%.

For January-November, 2018 the state budget received KZT273,2 billion in taxes and other compulsory payments or 109,6% to the forecast, including the republican budget received KZT174,5 billion (109,2% to the forecast), the local budget received KZT98,7 billion (110,2% to the forecast).

Social sector.

The fixed unemployment rate in the 3rd quarter, 2018 - 4,8 %.

The number of citizens receiving the targeted social assistance increased by 28,100 people (in 8,9 times), in comparison with the same period of 2017 and made up 31,400 people.

Monthly average nominal wages in January-September, 2018 accounted for KZT133 580 that up by 11,1% compared to the same period of 2017.

Budget expenditures of the region in 2018 amounted to KZT341,6 billion.

KZT168,1 billion is stipulated for social sphere (49,5 % of the regional budget), including for education - KZT110,9 billion, for healthcare - KZT12,2 billion.

2 schools are under construction due to funds of the republican budget. 2 schools are put into service: for 600 places in Ayagoz town of Ayagoz district and for 320 places in Makanchi settlement of Urjar district.

Children are fully (100 %) covered with children's preschool education aged from 3 till 6 years.

Under the mechanism of concession and PPP, 3 kindergartens are under construction this year in Ust-Kamenogorsk and Semey cities, a kindergarten for 320 places has been built in Semey city.

In the sphere of healthcare, 1 facility is under construction and 2 facilities are being repaired. The out-patient hospital for 212 visiting per shift on Druzhba narodov St., 1 in Ust-Kamenogorsk has been reconstructed. 

2.8. Education and youth policy. There are 235 preschool organizations and 590 mini-centres in the region. Preschool education coverage in the region made up 98,2 % that up by 0,8 % compared to the last year.

There are 69360 children in preschool establishments, including 35514 children with the Kazakh language of instruction. Today in the region there are 825 kindergartens and mini-centres, including 502 with the Kazakh language of instruction; an educational process in the official state language is organized in the mixed kindergartens in 237 groups for 7044 children.

3 kindergartens for 370 places are constructed in 2014 within the framework of realization of the Balapan Program: in Beskaragai district for 90 places, Zaisan district for 140 places, Urjar district for 140 places.

17 private preschool establishments for 1439 places are opened: in Semey city for 192 places, in Ust-Kamenogorsk city - 530 places, in Tarbagatai district - 162 places, in Zaisan district - 80 places, in Ulan district - 50 places, in Kokpekty district - 60 places, in Ayagoz district - 120 places, in Altai district - 245 places.

4 buildings for 840 places are returned: in Ust-Kamenogorsk city - 420 places, in Tarbagatai district - 50 places, in Zaisan district - 125 places, in Altai district - 245 places.

6 schools are reorganized into the complexes school-kindergarten for 253 places in Urjar district, Shemonaikha district, Ulan district.

Additional groups are opened in 9 operating kindergartens for 440 places in Altai, Ulan, Urjar, Shemonaikha districts, in Ridder town, Semey city. It’s opened 167 groups of mini-centres for 2657 places.

In the region there are 676 schools, including with intellectual directions: Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools with physical and mathematical, chemical and biological directions and the International School Nur Orda.

33 objects of education, including 21 schools are put into service (including instead of emergency-18), 3 kindergartens, 3 annexes; 6 objects of education are reconstructed.

9847 graduates that made up 68,4 % participated in the Uniform National Testing (UNT). UNT average score on the region made up 78,04 %, that 5,64 points higher than in 2013.

150,600 children and teenagers, including 32,800 in the countryside were covered with recreation and recovery during summer period. Average coverage with recreation and recovery made up 98,7 %.

37,400 children were covered with schoolchildren’s employment. Average score makes up 24,5 %.

In the region, the number of low-income family children makes up 24,200 children, and 20,000 of them were covered with summer holiday that makes up 82,7 %.

In the region there are 35 summer health-improving camps.

In the region there are 81 colleges (47 state, 34 non-state), attended by 38,800 students, 5642 graduates are employed in 2014.

The quantity of all students, trained for the state account on the region makes up 18343. The state order for preparation of experts for 2013-2014 is formed on the basis of applications of employers under the state order and makes up 7438 places, that up by 10 %.

KZT117,5 million from the regional budget and KZT324,1 million from the republican budget is directed to purchase the equipment students to undertake laboratory-practical works.

2.9. Health care and sports.

KZT50,6 billion is directed to the health care in 2014.

It has been constructed a district hospital in Glubokoe settlement of Glubokoe district, a children's antitubercular hospital for 80 beds in Semey city and 12 family outpatient clinics in settlements of the region. The third stage of the Radiological Centre in Semey city, the Regional Blood Centre in Ust-Kamenogorsk city, emergency stations in Semey city are under construction.

32 objects of health care are overhauled to the sum of KZT1071,0 million. KZT4968,5 million is directed to material and technical equipment of objects of obstetric aid and childhood, cardiosurgery, Emergency Medical Services, Emergency Call services. The sanitary vehicles fleet in medical establishments of the region is constantly updated, so that for the last year 117 units to the sum of KZT304,5 million were purchased.

It is installed the computerized informational system of medicinal provision (ISMP). According to the ISMP portal, 170,100 persons received free medicinal assistance at an out-patient level for 44 kinds of illnesses to the sum of KZT6,3 billion.

In 2014, the deficiency of the medical staff in the region makes up 153 persons, which 45 per cent below compared to 2013 (in 2013 - 334 persons). In 2014, 217 physicians arrived, that up by 5,3 % compared to the level of the last year.

Mini-diagnostics centers, equipped with the modern diagnostic equipment, continue to operate in 3 towns of the region that allowed to reduce the flow of patients in the regional diagnostic centre by 11 % for this year as well as to improve availability of rendering of diagnostic services to rural dwellers and to provide treatment places for urban population on the most demanded types of researches.  

The telemedicine centres are organized in 8 districts of the region, 1613 tele-consultations took place for the accounting period, that up by 65 % compared to 2013.

The new direction - the transport-based medicine (mobile clinics) has been established in the region within the framework of interdepartmental interaction.

6 mobile complexes are functioning in the region, for the accounting period 85,2 persons are examined in 161 distant villages.

6 medical and rescue points along highways are placed and function on hazardous sections of major roads of nationwide significance in Zharma, Beskaragai and Ulan districts.

The air ambulance - as the most mobile system to provide the population with emergency medical care has been further developed. In 2014, there were 482 visits, including 218 by helicopter and 264 by ambulances.  

Within the framework of the Program of Cancer Care Facilities Development for 2012-2016, it has been set the model of financing of oncological treatment by a principle of the global budget by assisting cancer patients financially to cover the monetary needs for their treatment, including expenses for medicinal support at all levels. In the region there are 6 types of screenings to reveal oncological diseases, all types of screenings revealed 177 patients with cancer, the 5-year survival rate of patients made up 50%, mortality rates from malignant neoplasm decreased by 3,7%.

Socially-relevant indicators show stabilization, in comparison with 2013: maternal mortality decreased by 51,7%, infant mortality (in a place of death) - by 15,6%, disease incidences of tuberculosis - by 19,4%.

The coverage of people who systematically practise physical culture and sport in the region made up 30,1% (399,854 persons) of the total population, that up by 5%.

In the region there are 3132 sports facilities.

62 sports facilities are put into service, including the Combat Palace, the Track and Field Arena in Ust-Kamenogorsk city, sport and recreation centers in Zharma and Abai districts, 112 football fields, 34 hockey boxes, 8 sports grounds.

Over 4000 sports-mass and sport-recreation activities were held with participation of 750,000 persons. The picked team of East Kazakhstan region won the 1-st team place in the V Games for Prizes of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Besides, in 2014 sportsmen of the region showed worthy results on the world sports arena, namely:

In the World Universiade 7 hockey players from the region as a part of the picked team of the country won silver medals; Marina Matrosova is a bronze medal winner in ski relays, Sergey Malyshev, Gennady Matvienko and Alexander Malyshev - gold winners in ski relays. 12 hockey players from the region won a bronze medal in the World Championship Among Youth Under 18. At the Freestyle Skiing Europe Cups, Paul Kolmakov - silver and bronze medals in mogul.

2.10. The budget. During the reporting period, the state budget revenue made up KZT196,6 billion, execution - 98,6 %, that up by 107,1 % compared to 2013 or KZT13,0 billion.

The budget of the region has received KZT77,0 billion of incomes, 98,7 % of the annual plan, that up by 109,8 % compared to 2013 or KZT6,8 billion.

As of January 1, 2015. The operating budget of the region is executed to the sum of KZT265,1 billion, or 99,1 % to the plan.

 

3. Basic target indicators of development of East Kazakhstan region for 2015 and medium term.

 

 

No.

Name of a branch,

area or target code

UOM

2015 (estimation)

Medium-term period

2016

2017

2018

1

GRP growth rate as compared to  2009

%

225

230

233

240

Industry

2

Share of processing industry in GRP

%

18,9

18,7

18,7

18,5

3

Labour productivity in processing industry, versus the previous year.

%

108

 

108,3

109

108,7

4

Share of Kazakhstan content in purchases of official agencies and organizations, strategically important enterprises: goods works and services

 

%

 

49.4

37.0

97,4

 

50.3

38.0

97,8

 

51.2

39.2

98.5

 

52,1

40,3

100

5

Increasing in the activity rate of enterprises and organization in innovation, %

%

17,7

18

18,5

18,7

Agriculture

6

Growth in labour productivity in agriculture

%

107,8

112,9

113

114

7

Index of actual volume of agriculture

%

103,1

103,3

103,5

104

8

Growth in export of agricultural products

%

1,6

2,3

2,4

2,5

9

Increase of gross added value  of agriculture

%

107,8

112,9

113

114

Small and medium business

10

Share of small and medium business in GRP

%

24,5

25

25,5

26

Trade

11

Index of actual volume of retail turnover

%

106

108

109

109,9

12

Index of actual volume of wholesale turnover

%

105

107

109

110

13

Consumer price index

%

107,5

107,7

107,8

107,9

14

Availability of quality retail premises per 1000 people

sq.m.

203

215

220

225

Investments

15

Volume of investments into the fixed capital of priority branches of economy

billion

KZT

369,7

407

435

465

Tourism

16

Total income of organizations, which provide services in tourism

million

KZT

4345,5

4649,7

5021,7

5035,6

Environment protection

17

Gross pollutant emissions into the atmosphere

tons/million

KZT GRP

0,20

0,20

0,19

0,19

18

Volume of agreed values of normative standards of gross pollutant emissions into the atmosphere

thousand

tons

177,98

177,98

177,98

177,98

19

Discharge of effluents treated to standard quality in bodies of water

mln.m³

96,713

96,713

96,713

96,713

20

Area of forest recreation

ha

800

820

845

870

Energy supply

21

Volume of electric power generation

mln.kWh

7 000

7 100

7 200

7 300

22

Volume of  power consumption

mln. kWh

8 400

8 500

8 550

8 600

23

Share of alternative energy sources

%

1,78

1, 82

1,98

2

24

Technical, regulatory losses of basic SNE in electric networks

%

11

10,3

9,9

10

25

Above-standard losses of basic SNE in electric networks

%

0

0

0

0

Water-supply

26

Level of access to  centralized water supply, including rural dwellers

%

85

67

86

69

87

71

88

73

27

Level of normative losses

%

16,8

15,5

14,3

13,2

Heat supply

28

Volume of heat energy production

th.

Gcal/h

11129,5

11150

11250

11400

29

Technical, regulatory losses of basic SNE in heating systems

%

18,01

17,71

17,41

17,11

30

Above-standard losses of basic SNE in heating systems

%

0

0

0

0

Water discharge

31

Coverage of the population by wastewater services

%

36,5

37

40

45

 

Transport

32

Share of good and satisfactory roads:

local

republican

%

 

75

75

 

78

76

 

79

78

 

80

79

33

Share of villages, uncovered with passenger traffic 

%

36

35

34

33

Service and communications

34

Level of digitalisation of local telephone services

%

99

100

100

100

35

Internet user density per 100 people, including wideband access

%

37,8

38,0

40,0

42,0

36

Levels of provision with mobile communication services of villages with  population over  1000 people

%

98

100

100

100

37

E-literacy of the population

%

67,1

67,5

68

68,2

Housing construction

38

Volumes of housing construction from all sources of funds

%

103

103,5

104

104

Education

39

Preschool education and training coverage

%

98,3

98,4

98,4

98,4

40

Volume of e-learning processes:

secondary schools

organizations of Т and PE

%

16,6

17,3

11,1

16,6

17,3

11,1

16,6

17,3

11,1

16,6

17,3

11,1

41

Share of all employed  graduates of technical and professional education (during the first year after graduation)

%

77,2

77,3

77,3

77,3

Health Care

42

Life expectancy

year

70,0

70,09

70,49

70,9

43

Total  mortality rate per 1000 people

person

10,34

10,15

9,91

9,52

44

Maternal mortality per 100000 quick-born

unit

12,1

11,5

11,0

10,4

45

Infant mortality rate per 1000 quick-born

unit

11,6

11,0

10,8

10,2

Culture

46

Quality of cultural services

%

72

73

74

76

 

Physical training and sports

47

Physical training and sports population coverage,

including children and teenagers

%

30,1

30,2

30,3

30,4

14,2

14,3

14,4

14,5

48

Share of masters of sports international class of total number masters of sports

%

9,1

9,5

10

10,5

Social protection

49

Unemployment rate

%

4,9

4,9

4,9

4,8

50

Share of the population with substandard income

%

1,5

1,5

1,4

1,3

Development of Languages

51

Share of population who are proficient in the official language

%

76

77

78

79

52

Share of population who are proficient in the official, Russian, English languages

%

3,2

3,3

3,4

3,5

Youth policy

53

Level of satisfaction among population aged 14-29 in the state youth policy

%

26

27

28

29

54

Share of youth who participate in youth organizations

%

20

21

22

23

Public services

55

Level of quantity of  socially relevant public services in electronic form

%

100

100

100

100

56

Level of satisfaction among population in the quality of rendering of relevant public services

%

60,7

61

61,5

62

Law and order

57

Level of public’s trust in  Internal Affairs authorities

         

 

Attractive directions for investments in East Kazakhstan region.

East Kazakhstan is the unique region by all standards, including attraction as an investment and increased commitments to mutual cooperation in numerous sectors of economic activity.  

The region has the diversity of minerals in the interior of the earth: nonferrous and ferrous materials, precious, rare and rare earth metals, hydrocarbons (coal, coal slates, oil, gas), nonmetallic feed and mineral waters. However the geological exploration has been conducted up to now at a depth of no more than one kilometer of the earth's crust, and the confirmed stocks at this depth, at separate deposits, are exhausted, and there is enough at the rests ones to provide available capacities for 20-25 years.

For this reason, carrying out of powerful geological exploration on prospect, especially at the sufficient depth where there is a possibility of revealing new huge and unique deposits of minerals is necessary for development of economy not only of the region, but also Kazakhstan as a whole. 

The industrial sector of the region, where a key economic branch is nonferrous metallurgy, has raw materials orientation. In the average republican volume, the specific gravity of lead, manufactured in the region makes up 98,4%, zinc - 96,6%, affined gold - 56,1%, affined argentum - 15,7%, titanium, magnesium, tantalum, beryllium and fuel for nuclear power stations - 100 %.

There is a huge potential on manufacture of final products from these products where the basic part of the added cost can be concentrated in the region. But at the same time, in the region there are no enterprises, concentrated on output of the final products, necessary for development of economy not only of the region, but also Kazakhstan as a whole.

The region has assembly facilities for assembling of cars, buses and tractors where, starting from a unit up to a screw are imported, that is why there is a sharp necessity of establishment of production to manufacture utilities for these assembly facilities.

About 30 % of the territory of the region is covered by forests consisting of fir, larch, fir tree, cedar, aspen and birch with concentration of about 70 % of commercial timber of Kazakhstan. At the same time, the woodworking branch which once was well developed, but today has considerable decline and demands restoration.

Two investment projects for processing of small-scale, low-quality wood within the framework of FIIDP (Forced Innovative Industrial Development Program) are expected to be implemented with a view of development of small and medium business using the resource potential of the forestry of the region realization. This is the construction of OSB Boards Production Plant of “Melisa” Ltd and reconstruction and development of woodworking, plywood production enterprise of “Favorite” Ltd which realization would be continued until 2017. 

The region has inexhaustible potential of energetic opportunities. About 70 % of the annual volume of electrical power production (nearby 7,3 billion kWh) is generated by hydroelectric power plants, and the other - by heat power plants.  

But at the same time, today the shortage in the electric power makes up nearby 1,2 billion kWh which is going to increase proportionally with the growth of economy of the region if not to establish additional capacities.

The major important artery is the Irtysh River and its inflows still have sufficient potential of generation of necessary energy, especially as the cost price of its generation is much cheaper, than those of heat power plants, and only this region has such an opportunity among other regions of Kazakhstan.     

For this reason, it is necessary to construct medium and small hydropower stations on the rivers of the region. Simultaneously there should be realized other projects using in this direction of other alternative (renewable) sources of electrical energy generating (sun, wind).

The agriculture is one of the developed sectors of economy too. Increase in efficiency of pastures is very important in this direction for increase of efficiency of animals.

However, many pastures are not fully effective because of low water-bearing nature. In this connection, for cattle watering, they have to be provided with water through drilling of deep wells.

The agriculture of the region has basically a cattle-breeding direction, and there are rural districts which are exclusively engaged in cattle breeding. But at the same time, there are practically no enterprises with deep processing of cattle-breeding production in these districts.

The processing equipment and technology at those enterprises for processing of agricultural production do not meet current requirements and require for reconstruction and modernization.

The infrastructural complex of the region has sufficient development, but at the same time there are certain problems which have to be solved through state-private partnership as the important investments are required. For example, it is necessary to construct the bridge across an isthmus of Buhtarma Reservoir in order to establish permanent links of the population of the northwest districts of the region with its southeast part and the regional centre with the shortest way, to construct several bridges and overpasses in the regional centre to unload the transport flows and to improve the environmental conditions in the city, to resettle the population from the industrial area of Ust-Kamenogorsk city to the left-bank part in order to  enhance the enabling environment for this group of the population, to recover the river shipping line with the purpose of rational usage of transport opportunities of the region, to construct a railroad line Shar-Maikapchagai with the purpose of establishing a transport ring in the east part of the territory of the region to provide access to distant districts and conditioning of development there new productions, to construct Bulak Hydroelectric Station and a number of small hydroelectric stations to reduce the current growing shortage in electric energy and to enhance the competitiveness of products.

Besides, within the partnership relations, there are unlimited opportunities to construct objects of education, health care, culture, social protection, tourism and sports.

5. Realization of the Forced Innovative Industrial Development Program of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011 - 2015.

The Program of Territory Development of East Kazakhstan region for 2011-2015 and similar programs in all 19 administrative and territorial units of the region, and also Action Plans for their implementation are approved and launched in 2010 with the purpose of realization of this very Program.

Now the Industrialization Map of the region includes 76 projects worth KZT846,2 billion, over 25,000 jobs are planned to create.

46 investment projects to the sum of KZT221 billion have been realized since implementation of the Industrialization Map. It is created over 8,000 jobs.

Дата создания / изменения страницы: 10.05.2012 / 13.03.2019